July 1 In History

Boston Globe

July 1, 2003

Today is Tuesday, July 1, the 182nd day of 2003. There are 183 days left in the year. This is Canada Day.

Today's Highlight in History:
On July 1, 1867, Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act took effect.

On This Day:
In 1863, the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders" waged a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.

In 1943, "pay-as-you-go" income tax withholding began.

In 1946, the United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

In 1961, Diana, the princess of Wales, was born near Sandringham, England. She died in a 1997 car crash in Paris at age 36.

In 1963, 40 years ago, the U.S. Post Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes.

In 1968, the United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and 58 other nations signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

In 1969, Britain's Prince Charles was invested as the Prince of Wales.

In 1980, "O Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.

In 1997, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese rule after 156 years as a British colony.

Ten years ago: A gunman opened fire in a San Francisco law office, killing eight people and wounding six before killing himself. The space shuttle Endeavour returned from a 10-day mission.

Five years ago: Speaking in Shanghai, President Clinton urged his Chinese hosts to open markets, battle corruption and clean up the environment.

One year ago: The world's first permanent war crimes tribunal came into existence. A US Air Force gunship attacked several villages in Afghanistan, killing 48 civilians, according to Afghan officials. A Russian passenger jet collided with a cargo plane over southern Germany, killing all 69 people on the Russian plane, and the two cargo jet pilots. Chile's Supreme Court ruled that former dictator General Augusto Pinochet was suffering from dementia and dropped all charges against him for human rights violations during his regime.

Today's Birthdays:
Actress Olivia de Havilland is 87. Actor Farley Granger is 78. Actress-dancer Leslie Caron is 72. Actress Jean Marsh is 69. Movie director Sydney Pollack is 69. Movie producer-director Claude Berri is 69. Actor Jamie Farr is 69. Bluesman James Cotton is 68. Actor David Prowse is 68. Cookiemaker Wally Amos is 67. Singer-musician Delaney Bramlett is 64. Dancer-choreographer Twyla Tharp is 62. Actress Karen Black is 61. Actress Genevieve Bujold is 61. Gospel singer Andrae Crouch is 61. Rock singer-actress Deborah Harry is 58. Movie-TV producer-director Michael Pressman is 53. Rock singer Fred Schneider (B-52's) is 52. Actor Daryl Anderson is 52. Actor Trevor Eve is 52. Actor-comedian Dan Aykroyd is 51. Actor Alan Ruck is 47. Actress Lisa Blount is 46. Olympic gold medal track star Carl Lewis is 42. Country singer Michelle Wright is 42. Actor Andre Braugher is 41. Actress Pamela Anderson is 36. Rock musician Mark Pirro (Tripping Daisy) is 33. Rock musician Franny Griffiths (Space) is 33. Actor Henry Simmons is 33. Hip-hop artist Missy Elliott is 32. Actress Liv Tyler is 26. Actress Lynsey Bartilson ("Grounded for Life") is 20. Actors Andrew and Stephen Cavarno are 11.

Copyright 2003 Associated Press. All rights reserved.